March 07, 2014

Next steps for Seattle mammoth tusk

UPDATED 3.20.14

The Seattle Mammoth had a Twitter account up and running within a day of its tusk being discovered, but when it comes to next steps for the tusk itself, the pace may be a bit more... well, glacial.

Step 1: Stabilize

"For every day you spend collecting something, you can spend weeks,
months or even years getting the preparation work done."
Bruce Crowley, Burke Museum Paleontology Lab Manager

Before removing the tusk from the AMLI Residential construction site in South Lake Union, Burke paleontologists made it a “field jacket.” First, they covered the tusk in aluminum foil. Then, they added layers of burlap strips soaked in water and dipped in plaster. Then they placed 2x4’s along the tusk and added more layers of plaster-dipped burlap. Once the plaster dried, the tusk was ready to make the trip to the Burke Museum.

Burke paleontologists got the tusk out of the ground safely (hurrah!) and to the museum in about a day and a half on Feb. 13 and 14, 2014. But that was just the beginning.

Step 2: Give the people what they want

The tusk made its public debut on March 8, 2014 at Dino Day, where one side of it was visible. After that, it will be fully encased in plaster (see step 3), but it will still be on view at the museum during the last three weekends in March (Saturday and Sundays, March 15 to 30, 2014; 10 am5 pm).

Step 3: Button it up

The drill bits that will be used to take core samples for carbon dating.

On Tuesday, March 11, Burke paleontologists covered the top of the tusk in layers of plaster. Before they did, they used a drill to remove two “core samples” that were sent to a lab for carbon dating.

Drilling a hole to remove a sample for carbon dating
The inside of the tusk is very wet
Covering the second side of the tusk in plaster

Carbon dating can tell us exactly how old the tusk is—BUT, it’s not as accurate without samples from both sides of the tusk. Taking a sample from the bottom of the tusk will have to wait until it’s fully dry (see step 4).

Step 4: Let it dry

Humidity gauge and "ports"

The plaster is porous enough to let moisture escape, but it ensure the process of drying will happen very, very slowly so the tusk doesn’t crack and break apart. Burke paleontologists will measure the humidity with a special gauge (similar to a thermometer), inserted into the plaster jacket through hand-made “ports” (ingeniously created from halved whiffle balls and cork!). Once the humidity consistently measures that of the Burke Museum building, the tusk can be unwrapped and prepared for display.

The tusk as it will appear on view Saturdays and Sundays in March, 2014

Step 5: Stay tuned

Researchers could learn a lot from the tusk, and the soil samples that were taken during its excavation. The latest information will be published here as soon as it’s available!


For more information about the tusk, mammoths, and the world in which they lived, visit

By Andrea Michelbach, Communications