It’s been one year since we first explored the connection between a Native mask from the Pacific Northwest and the original Seattle Seahawks logo. What a year it has been! Now, as the Seahawks prepare to "re-Pete" their visit to the Super Bowl, here’s what we’ve learned so far about the mask that inspired the logo.
|Photo courtesy of the Hudson Museum.|
A connection discovered
In the lead-up to last year’s Super Bowl, Burke Museum Curator of Native American Art Robin K. Wright’s art history students were curious about the design influence for the Seattle Seahawks’ original logo. When Wright broached the subject with Curator Emeritus Bill Holm, he pointed her to a photograph of a Kwakwaka’wakw (pronounced: KWA-kwuh-kyuh-wakw) eagle mask in Robert Bruce Inverarity’s 1950 survey, Art of the Northwest Coast Indians.
The mask bore an undeniable resemblance to the 1976 logo; the Seahawks later unearthed a 1975 Seattle PI article in their archives, in which Seahawks General Manager John Thompson identified the mask as THE definitive inspiration for the Hawks’ logo.
|Credit: Burke Museum of Natural History and Culture|
Shared widely by both football and Native art fans, the blog post on the discovery made its way to the Hudson Museum at the University of Maine, who alerted the Burke to the mask’s location in their collection and offered to loan it to the Burke.
The mask’s journey
The mask made the 3,200 mile journey from Maine to Seattle—thanks to the power of crowdfunding and generous support from Bekins Northwest, the “official mover of the Seattle Seahawks.”
|Bekins Northwest employees unload the mask at the Burke Museum.|
Once the mask arrived safely and acclimated to our climate, we began carefully preparing it for public display.
|Burke Museum staff carefully unpack the mask after its arrival.|
We asked artist Bruce Alfred, a member of the Namgis Band of the Kwakwaka’wakw Nations, who was visiting the Burke, to study the mask. Bruce and our curators uncovered many new details in just a few days.
|Bruce Alfred takes a closer look at the mask.|
Scuffs and scratches on the mask show it was used in ceremonies before it was sold. Bruce described how a dancer would enter the big house wearing the mask in its closed position, dancing counterclockwise around the fire—imitating the movements of a large raptor—with firelight reflecting in the mask’s mirrored eyes. At a certain point, the drummers would beat faster and the dancer would dramatically open the mask and reveal the inner human face and long-necked bird rising above.
The mask likely represents a supernatural eagle—or thunderbird—transforming into its human form.
|The inside of the mask reveals the inner human face and long-necked bird rising above.|
A tag in the mask dated 1910 includes a catalog number from the Fred Harvey Company, which operated hotels, restaurants, and Indian marketplaces throughout the southwestern U.S. in the late-19th and early-20th centuries. The Company’s collectors traveled throughout the Southwest, California and along the Colorado River buying art for the marketplaces. They also collected objects from Plains and Alaskan tribes, which offers a possible explanation for how the mask came to be part of the Company collection.
|Robin K. Wright and Bruce Alfred look closely at a tag on the mask.|
“We knew it was made at the north end of Vancouver Island in the 19th century, but we didn’t know anything else until it came in to the Max Ernst collection,” said Kathryn Bunn-Marcuse, Assistant Director of the Burke Museum’s Bill Holm Center for the Study of Northwest Native Art. Ernst lived in Sedona, Arizona, in the 1940s—suggesting an opportunity for his acquisition of the mask. “We are filling in the gaps in the mask’s history.”
Unveiling and welcoming the mask
We welcomed and blessed the mask at a one-of-a-kind press event on November 18, 2014—which just happens to be the turning point in the Seattle Seahawks season. In fact, they are undefeated (8-0) since that day!
A special thanks goes to Kwakwaka’wakw artist Andy Everson, Le-La-La dance leader George Taylor, the Blue Thunder drum line, the Seagals, former Seahawks quarterback Jim Zorn, former Seahawks tight end Ron Howard, and Hudson Museum Director Gretchen Faulkner, for helping us celebrate the mask's arrival at the Burke Museum.
See the mask for yourself
We hope you'll come to see the mask and experience our Here & Now: Native Artists Inspired exhibition now through July 27, 2015. If you do, please share your photos with us using #myherenow. We'd love to see them!
|Photo courtesy of Elizabeth A. Davidson.|
Posted by Cathy Morris, Burke Museum Digital Communications